Greetings volunteers! This page covers "please avoid" taboos + tech tips to ensure your restorations are approved. We'd also like to encourage gmail users to join our invite only Google+ Community Restoration Volunteer Forum. Thanks for your help!


#1 NEVER CROP, ROTATE OR SHIFT 

Please remember that our photo adoption guidelines specify to never crop or rotate (or shift) an image. Not even a little bit. Images that have been cropped or rotated cannot be accepted. If you'd like us to consider making an exception, drop us a line before getting started.


#2 KEEP REPAIR EDITS & COLOR CORRECTION LAYERS SEPARATE

Please be sure to perform all basic healing/patching/cloning improvements on pre-color treated layers (meaning underneath all color adjustment layers), never AFTER adjusting tone or color. The tutorial below covers basic color correction, including layering. (If unfamiliar with "selective color" adjustments, you're going to love this youtube video.)


LIVE YouTube-streamed CARE for Sandy Google+ Community tutorial led by forum moderator Boris Polonsky


#3 NEVER CONVERT TO GRAYSCALE 

Beginners may not realize how much helpful detail exists in black and white images that have been scanned in RGB mode. Channels are our friends! For this reason we ask that you correct your image in RGB without converting to grayscale. (Cutting and pasting an RGB image into a grayscale doc, then repasting the former back into an RGB document is the same as converting to grayscale. Channel content becomes lost forever.) Use a black & white adjustment layer within your RGB file, instead. 

The animated gifs below show how different black & white adjustment layers can effect the same photo. If you are new to B&W adjustment layers, download this introductory layered psd, turning each B&W layer on and off, separately, to explore the differences. You can even drag the entire folder named "B&W - Adjustment Layer Types" in the above document into a new psd. Choosing the right channel for your photo can shave hours off of the restoration process by disguising stains (like colored pen ink!) or enhancing areas or tonal values that you'd like to highlight.


#4 MODIFICATION OF ORIGINAL PHOTO TEXTURE - BE WARY OF 'DUST & SCRATCHES', DEGRAINING, DESPECKLING AND FREQUENCY SEPARATION

Please refrain from using "Dust & Scratches", "Reduce Noise", "Despeckle", "Gaussian Blur" and Frequency Separation to "disguise" surface debris unless you are a trained professional who knows how to use the former in carefully isolated, masked moderation. When noise reducing filters are applied over an entire image 'as is', they may facilitate repair of broad areas of color, but in areas containing fine detail are usually counterproductive. How so? All of the former BLUR, and
therefore strip &/or bleed colors in areas like lips, teeth, eyes, fingernails, clothing patterns and jewelry.

(Unfamiliar with masking? Check out CARE's video tutorial on Masking under point #13, below.)

Additionally, whenever possible, retain your photo's original crispness quotient and texture. More importantly, aim for textural consistency! For instance if sky, a wall or a vast expanse of fabric is textured in one area per its original, but has been smoothed out/blurred/cloned over so as to look painted within an alternate area of the photograph, we're going to notice and ask for amendments. Doing so will keep quality stellar, plus ensure that photos that belong to a series can be altered, if necessary, to match.

The gif below shows how noise reducing techniques used to combat speckled black areas have negatively impacted other areas: Note the pink teeth, blurry corsage, murky highlight-deficient eyes, decreased sharpness and blobby headpiece beads. 

Original. "Despeckle". "Dust & Scratches" radius 1. "Dust & Scratches radius" 2. "Reduce Noise" radius 1.

Close-ups of original, RIPv1 (DECLINED), RIPv1 (DECLINED),  RIPv1 (DECLINED),  RIPv4 (ACCEPTED)

Neither of these 2 RIPs were accepted, in part due to texture modification. Note the appearance of previously non-existent artefacting.


TIP!!! Most filters and effects become permanent when applied to regular layers, but if a layer is first converted to a Smart Object, filters and effects can be modified or turned OFF.


A RIP DECLINED due to posterization caused by filtered noise reduction/blurring.


#5 SHARPEN/UNSHARP MASK/HIGH PASS FILTERS

Let's face it. Some of these photos were not high-quality to begin with, which means many are not as crisp as we'd like them to be. But please refrain from using sharpening filters unless a trained professional. Very subtle sharpening can sometimes be effective — IF edges are masked. But most universally applied sharpening "tricks" permanently alter the texture of a photo, and produce unattractive, unnatural grain and undesirable posterization.

If you'd like to send us a sharpened variation, definitely feel free to do so. But please be sure to send a separate variation that does not contain any sharpening. Save potential sharpening tricks for the very end of the restoration process on separate layer(s) above your basic repairs, to be safe, so that they can be turned off if requested. (Harshly sharpened RIPs with significantly altered texture are almost always declined.)

Original. With "Sharpen". With "Smart Sharpen". With "Unsharp Mask".  


#6 TO GRAIN OR NOT TO GRAIN

Have you adopted a Beginner photo? None of our beginner photos call for added grain. Have you adopted an Intermediate or Advanced photo? SOME extemely damaged photos can actually benefit from a little added grain, if used with subtlety and moderation. In particular if a given image has inconsistent surface texture (slick in some areas, stippled in others), or if intense cleaning has led to unavoidable smudginess. However please err on the side of caution and ask about adding grain to your particular photo before proceeding -OR- include a second RIP (v2) to which no grain has been added. Always place grain on a separate layer above all edits, that can be turned off.

*Grain should never be added to attempt to disguise grime you're hoping to avoid cleaning, that could otherwise be successfully removed via healing, cloning or patching.

A mammoth advertising agency's professional production studio (!) returned the restoration excerpt seen above, months late and only upon prodding. Clearly its retoucher was looking for short cuts. Grain was applied for all the wrong reasons. 


#7 SILHOUETTED/CLIPPING-PATHED FIGURES. (ESPECIALLY WHEN PAIRED W'ITH SOLID FILL BACKGROUNDS)

Many volunteers have been attempting to speed up restorations by getting rid of monochromatic areas of texture. How so? By creating cookie cutter cropped silhouettes set upon solid, paintbucket color-filled backgrounds. This is cheating (!!!) and almost always looks collaged and unnatural. Especially when hair strands and ears get lopped. Consider repairing a portion of the original background that appears to be damaged, then replicate this area to 'fill' remaining damaged areas. (Healing damaged areas may time-consuming, but will be well worth the effort.)

This woman's portrait was DECLINED in part due to figure silhouetting.

 

This close-up also features taboo figure silhouetting from a DECLINED submission. Also note the completely different tower + tonal variances.


#8 PAINTING VERSUS PIXEL SAMPLING

We've noticed many of you are incredibly skilled at painting. Unfortunately we cannot accept restorations that look heavily 'painted', as these begin to feel more like illustrations. Harsh but true fact: RIPS that have been or 'feel' smudged/blurred/painted WILL be rejected. Pixel sampling (cloning/stamping/spot healing/patching) is tedious but necessary when photos display lots of surface grime. Do not 'paint' or 'draw' in full or partial elements unless you possess photo-realism skills and have received permission to do so. 

Don't try this at home! We're looking for restored photos with accurate likenesses, not illustrations — no matter how skilled!


LIVE YouTube-streamed CARE for Sandy Google+ Community tutorial led by forum moderator Boris Polonsky


#9 SURFACE DEBRIS + NEGLECTING THE DETAILS

Most of our images have been scanned at 600dpi, both to give retouchers enough detail to work with and so that families will be able to print out photos at 200% for enlarged framing. So when repairing your photo -  ZOOM IN. To at least 200%. If you see lint/specks/dirt/dust/scratches/etc, so will we. Please remove any visible lint/dust/dirt/specks, so that we won't have to ask that you do so. Take time removing visible surface debris. 'Your' family is worth the effort!

And remember that while noise reduction —when used in careful, isolated masked moderation—can be a starting point, it ain't an end-all. Akin to a painting's underpainting. Manual refinements will probably be necessary, too.

Original, volunteer's return, with additional clean-up. 

Original, degrained (DECLINED), somewhat refined (DECLINED), further refined (ACCEPTED)

The various stages of cleaning...

Original covered in Belle Harbor fire ash. So-so clean. All the way clean.

Note the maze-like textural damage and wood stains that have not been touched, yet how 3D facial tone has been wiped away. This restoration excerpt was surprisingly returned to us by an advertising agency's professional production shop. It was returned to our adoption pool.


#10 CONSISTENCY OF EDGES + LINE QUALITY + CLONING TRAILS

Watch the way you treat edges. Are the original edges soft? Use a soft stamp. Are they sharp? Mimic the original's sharp edges. Consistency is key. (Example: We're seeing lots of "drawn" architectural elements with ultra sharp edges which look odd when paired with the softness of a given image's originals lineations.) Please also avoid leaving tell-tale cloning trails, with hodge-podge object edge treatments. 

Note the artificially sharpened edges. They look illustrated, unnatural and inconsistent with the rest of this close-up.


Original, with tons of repetitive cloning trails (DECLINED), aptly repaired (ACCEPTED)


#11 ARBITRARY COSMETIC CHANGES + MAINTAINING FACIAL FEATURES

Please refrain from making arbitrary cosmetic changes. For all you know that foot you've been tempted to remove may be the last remaining 'image' of a loved one. That pot you're dying to clone away may have been where dad hid mom's wedding ring. That bag or bush or beer can may have significance we're not aware of. It's our job to restore these photos, albeit not play 'God'. The former includes the removal of details you might feel are too difficult to repair. If you feel VERY strongly about removing a detail, please ask for permissionWe're willing to make exceptions. 

Conversely, please do not embellish photos with items you feel are 'cool' or 'better than the original'. No need to add or alter the original state of a given photo area, unless using a creative commons image to repair a completely demolished area. 

Examples? We've received restorations in which eyes have been enlarged or flipped. Volunteers also love to remove natural shadows/contours that help maintain an image's 3D quality, glorious freckles, signature moles, happy time-worn wrinkles and 'extra' weight. Hollywood teeth whitening and artifical eye enhancing are also de rigeur. We're not creating magazine covers with idealized interpretations of beauty. Aim for naturalness at all times.  

Most importantly, be very careful to ensure that your portrait looks like 'that' person, not just any person. Is the jawline the same? Has the nose changed its shape? Are the eyes accurate?

An example of taking a restoration too far. The volunteer slimmed the teen's face, removed every last blemish and enlarged the eyes and lips.

Never "draw" in eyes. Remain true to the original at all times.


DECLINED for a variety of reasons. Most notably the dramatic alterations to the woman's original facial features.

We don't think we even need to show this image's original to demonstrate why this RIP was DECLINED. Campbell's soup can and all.

Close-ups of original, SCRATCH REDO (APPROVED); TEST IMAGE (DECLINED); Light flairs, phantom ship parts, silhouetting and other reasons prevented us from accepting this now shipshape restoration.


#12 RED EYE 

Yes! You may remove red eye from photos.


#13 NEVER USE PHOTOSHOP'S DECORATIVE STOCK TEXTURES

You know what we're talking about. Photoshop's Artistic, Brush Strokes, Sketch, Stylize and Texture filter gallery offerings. e.g. Stained Glass, Texturizer, Craquelure, Bas Relief, Reticulation and so on. They look clinical and computer generated!


#14 AVOID OVER-SATURATION OF DARKS + OVER-BRIGHTENING OF LIGHTS 

Please be very careful not to over-saturate blacks, nor blow out light areas. When you do so we lose all of an image's magnificent mid-tone values, that distinguish hair, folds in clothing and so on. Auto levels and auto curves will rarely aptly color correct a given image. Play with a combination of curves/ exposure/ selective color and so on, and mask individual areas if need be. This comment applies to black & white images in particular. (And hundreds of wedding tuxedos!)


DECLINED for a variety of reasons. Note the exaggerated darkening of the cabinet and far right.

Note how overdarkening the blacks has made the striped texture of the woman's dress disappear.


Prerecorded CARE for Sandy Google+ Community tutorial led by forum moderator Boris Polonsky
 


#15 JUST SAY "NO!" TO ARTIFICIAL TINTING

No artificial color tinting please! Especially when sprucing modern photos. Exception being if you've received a studio-tinted, vintage image like this one, in need of a refresh. Hue saturating or transparently painting the entire surface of a faded portrait is not color correcting. It's Crayola crayoning! Aim for naturalness at all times.

This Curious George posse was DECLINED due to artificial tinting.


#16 FORGETTING TO ADD NAMING EXTENSIONS

10-25% of images are routinely returned with the wrong naming convention. When you neglect to add personalized naming extensions, we run the risk of having an original file overridden by your restoration. Review our naming/extension conventions here under STEP #6.


#17 ADVANCED SKILLS DEFINED

Advanced volunteers need to be high-end professional retouchers/restorers (e.g. with advertising, film or beauty clients) -OR- have provided truly advanced samples which demonstrate that a given volunteer has the ability to realistically reconstruct faces, hands, skin and missing areas in general without significant coaching from our staff. (Those who operate homespun restoration businesses will not likely qualify.) Therefore please refrain from requesting ADOPT ME! Advanced images unless you meet these requirements. Here are a few genuinely advanced before/afters to inspire:

Girl's portrait (moldy mess)
Honeymoon at waterfall (scratched mess)
Group portrait at printing plant (emulsion mess)
Flower girl (color bleeding mess)
First communion beauty (emulsion mess)
Toddler in highchair (emulsion mess)
Newborn baby (emulsion mess)
Outdoor wedding scene (emulsion mess)
Bride & bridesmaids (emulsion mess)

And here is a close-up from an Advanced image that was adopted by two decidedly non-Advanced volunteers, who were not able to recognize their limitations. Please acknowledge your own strengths and weaknesses, so as to best use your time and ours!


#18 NEVER FEEL INTIMIDATED! AMATEURS CAN BE ROCKSTARS TOO!

Guess what. One of the baby restorations seen below was restored by a very dedicated, talented amateur with no formal training beyond self-devoured books paired with lots of practice. Whereas the other was restored by a professional retoucher for one of the most famous sports apparel brands on the planet. Guess which one was approved? Surprise! (Results matter more than resumés!)


XOX CARE for Sandy XOX



 

 

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